Net Present Value

What is Net Present Value (NPV)?

Net present value (NPV) is the distinction between the current worth of money inflows and the current value of cash outflows over a period of time. NPV is used in capital budgeting and asset planning to examine the productivity of a probable investment or scheme. An optimistic net present value indicates that the projected earnings produced by a project or investment – in present dollars – exceeds the expected costs, also in current dollars. It is understood that an investment with a positive NPV will be lucrative, and an investment with a negative NPV will result in a net loss. This idea is the foundation for the Net Present Value Rule, which utters that only investments with positive NPV values should be careful.

Net Present Value Drawbacks and Alternatives

Gauging an investment’s productivity with NPV relies a great deal on suppositions and estimates, so there can be considerable room for error. Estimated factors comprise investment costs, discount rate, and projected returns. A project may often need unexpected expenditures to get off the ground or may need extra expenditures at the project’s last part.